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語 言 學 研 究 所

Institute of Linguistics

第256次語言學專題演講

Scope-taking strategies and the order of clausal categories in German Sign Language

Daniel Hole & Fabian Bross (University of Stuttgart) 

主講人

Prof. Daniel Hole

時間:2017年10月6日(五)14:00-16:00

地點:文學院144國際會議廳

合辦單位 : 手語語言學台灣研究中心

Abstract:

The scope order of clausal categories has been claimed to be universal. In this paper we adopt a universalist cartographic approach to clausal syntax. By discussing the categories of speech acts, evaluation, epistemic modality, scalarity, volition and deontic, as well as other kinds of modality, we illustrate a striking regularity in strategies of scope-taking in German Sign Language (DGS): The wider/higher the scope of a clausal operator, the more likely its expression will occur with a high body part by way of layering. Namely, descending from the eyebrows to the lower face, tentatively to the shoulders, and finally switching to manual expressions. For intermediate operators a left-to-right concatenation strategy is employed, lower categories are expressed by way of a manual right-to-left concatenation strategy. The lower aspectual categories find layered expression within the manual sign. Hence, we propose a highly regular natural mapping of the scope-order of clausal categories onto the body. This sort of mapping can also be observed in other sign languages and may turn out to be universal.

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